The child’s environment and way of education determine the mental thought process and approach to daily situations in life. The formative years decide how the child will handle stress and obstacles as an adult. Today there is a wide range of childcare education as each approach aims to achieve a number of goals. Physical, mental, sociological, emotional, socio-economical and behavioral aspects are the overall development a child must attain before becoming an adult.
Some of the childcare education systems accepted by most countries are:-
1) Montessori – this approach was developed by an educator and physician Maria Montessori. This approach emphasizes on creativity, nature and active participation learning with the guidance of the teacher. It aims at developing the child’s character, academic abilities, senses, and practical life skills.
2) Waldorf Steiner – this approach was incepted by an Austrian writer Rudolf Steiner. This childcare education aims to nurture the child’s body, soul, and spirit. It focuses on the child’s likes and involves active learning and creativity by using rhythmic repetition. This encourages children to learn more and creates enthusiasm. It develops the child’s abilities and talents, while the teacher gives the instruction.
3) Reggio Emilia – this school was begun in the 1940s in Italy. It aims at exploring and lying emphasizes on self-expression and the community. Children learn through art, activities, and projects. There is no fixed curriculum or method for this type of childcare education as it is an educational theory.
4) High scope method – it is also called active participatory learning. Through daily routine and well-organized classroom method, the child participates actively. This method is based on the past as well as current development research.
5) Play-based curriculum – through play and games learning is done. The child learns to play individually as well as in a group environment. This helps build on social skills like teamwork and clear communication.
6) Bank Street – this approach was inspired by the educational philosophy that John Dewy developed, where the mental, physical, emotional and, the social growth of a child is the focus. Through experience, the child gains knowledge as he is an active participant. Using puzzles, dramatic play, building blocks, and clay are ways of executing this approach. This is very similar to the play-based curriculum.
The method or approaches are numerous but to pick the right curriculum that will tailor fit to your child’s abilities as they participate in activities for toddlers as well as the need is what you will see at http://www.chengzhu.edu.sg/mandarin-centre/adult-accompanied-programmes/playclub/.